Q:

Where are carbohydrates found in the body?

A:

Quick Answer

According to the European Food Information Council, the human body stores carbohydrates in the muscles and liver. It intakes carbohydrates in the form of glucose, which is converted to glycogen and stored in these body parts.

Continue Reading
Where are carbohydrates found in the body?
Credit: Nils Hendrik Mueller Cultura Getty Images

Full Answer

The red blood cells and the brain need glucose as a source of energy, as they cannot use protein, fat and other forms of energy for this purpose, explains the EUFIC. Thus, it is important to maintain the glucose in the blood at a constantly optimum level.

The major energy-providing sources of carbohydrates are starches and sugars. The small intestine absorbs monosaccharides into the bloodstream and transports them to the areas where they are needed. Digestive enzymes break down disaccharides into monosaccharides and also break down the long chains of starches into their constituent sugars, which become absorbed into the bloodstream.

Iowa State University explains that the body stores glucose in the liver and skeletal muscles in the form of glycogen when it does not need glucose for energy. Glucose is stored as fat once the glycogen stores are full. The body uses these glycogen stores as an energy source when it needs more glucose than is available in the bloodstream. All living cells in the body contain glucose, which enters the cells through the hormone insulin.

Learn more about Human Anatomy

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where is the liver located in the human body?

    A:

    The liver in the human body is located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity, under the diaphragm and beside the stomach. The liver is made up of four lobes and receives approximately 1.5 quarts of blood per minute from the hepatic artery and portal vein.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where is glycogen found?

    A:

    Glycogen is mainly found in the liver and within the skeletal muscles of the human body. The National Center for Biotechnology Information report that the liver has a 10 percent glycogen concentration by weight, compared to a 2 percent concentration in skeletal muscles. However, skeletal muscles contain the bulk of the glycogen in the body due to their overall mass.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where is urea produced in the human body?

    A:

    Urea in the human body is produced in the liver, using its system of enzymes and carrier molecules to convert highly toxic ammonia and carbon dioxide into urea. This can then be safely removed from the body by the kidneys.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How many vital organs are in the human body?

    A:

    The human body has five vital organs: the brain, the heart, the kidneys, the liver and the lungs. Vital organs are essential for survival, and the human body cannot function at all without even just one of them.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore