Caproic acid is a compound containing six atoms of carbon, 12 atoms of hydrogen and two atoms of oxygen. It is more commonly known as hexanoic acid and is represented by the chemical formula C5H11COOH.
Caproic acid is a carboxylic acid, which means that it contains a carboxyl group of COOH. It comes from the chemical hexane and has a pKa value of 4.88. It is an oily liquid that is used as a flavoring agent in dairy products, beers, nuts, breads and strawberry-flavored foods. The word "caproic" comes from the Latin "capra," which means goat. Caproic acid gained this name due to its goat-like odor.