There are countless ways of minimizing the impact of earthquakes, such as securing furniture and building structures that meet current standards for earthquake-prone areas. The best method depends on whether it is before the earthquake hits the land, during the earthquake or after it has hit the land. Earthquakes cause a lot of damage to property, lead to deaths and physical harm to both human beings and animals.
In earthquake-prone areas, meticulous inspection should be done on workplaces and houses to determine the existence of any structural dangers. The concerned engineers should give assurance of structural stability on sites. Unstable furniture, water heaters, gas tanks and movable equipment should be secured to the wall or the floor. Heavy objects should be removed from high places, and all the emergency exits should be kept free of obstacles.
During an earthquake, people should not move around or try to get out of buildings. If it is a multiple-story building, no one should try to evacuate using either the elevator or the staircases. It is safer to wait inside than to try to get out.
After an earthquake, electrical and gas services should be disconnected if damages occur in either system. In case of fallen electrical standards or cables, they should not be touched, and every dangerous spilled substance should be cleanedup.