The quickest and easiest way to reduce electrical consumption in the home is by abandoning incandescent light bulbs and compact fluorescent, or CFL, lights in favor of light emitting diodes, or LED, lighting. LEDs have a longer lifespan and use up less electricity wattage per unit of light generated. Turning off the lights when they are not in use also helps reduce consumption.
Heating and air conditioning are known consumers of electricity. Home owners are advised to utilize sunny days by ensuring the blinds and shades are left open. Closing the windows at night helps retain the heat. All the windows should be closed when the air conditioner is in use.
There are multiple electrical devices that are left plugged in, even when they are not in use. The electricity consumption of such devices when in "stand by" mode is equal to that of a 100 or 75 watt bulb left on. Power strips can be employed to switch off stereos, televisions and other home entertainment equipment when they are not in use.
Newer appliances and electronic devices are typically more energy efficient compared to their predecessors. The electrical consumption can greatly be reduced by replacing old appliances with newer, energy efficient appliances. In general, making more energy efficient choices not only saves money and electricity but also reduces the environmental impact.