How Can Some Plants Reproduce Without Seeds?

Some plants are able to reproduce without releasing seeds asexually using a specialized stem called a rhizome or by releasing spores. Bulb plants, such as Persiant violets, crinum lilies and wood hyacinths, are just a few examples of plants that reproduce asexually.

In bulb plants, asexual reproduction occurs when a bulb on the plant splits to create multiple bulbs. The smaller bulbs, called bulblets, separate from the main plant and eventually become new plants. Unlike traditional seed reproduction, newly sprouted bulb plants carry the very same genetic code as their parent plants.

Plants that are able to reproduce without seeds have rhizomic stems, which grow beneath the ground. The stems grow parallel to the soil and several inches from the main stem. From there, new roots start to develop and form new plants. Examples of some plants that reproduce this way include Venus flytraps, Chinese lanterns and hops.

Spores are small reproductive cells, and plants that use this method of reproduction release millions of tiny spores into the air. The spores are carried by the wind, and once they land in environments perfect for growth, a basic root system starts to form, creating a new plant. Some plants that reproduce this way are the floral fern, the haircap mass and the rockcap moss.