Individuals can learn about stem cell research from The National Institutes of Health and the American Medical Association. Both resources provide information on what stem cells are, why they are important, and how they are used to provide life-saving treatments for patients with certain blood disorders and cancers.
A stem cell is an immature cell with the capability of developing into many different cell types. In many tissues, they work as an internal repair system, dividing without limit to replenish other cells. For more than 20 years, adult stem cells have been used in bone marrow transplants to fight leukemia and lymphoma. In addition, other blood diseases and solid tumors can be treated with either a stem cell transplant of umbilical cord blood or a peripheral blood stem cells transplant.