The most effective soil erosion reduction methods include the use of diversions and terraces, mulch, and surface cover; however, the most sustainable method of preventing soil erosion is by using the land responsibly according to its capability. Soil type, slope and the land's position may determine its vulnerability to soil erosion.
Surface cover controls soil erosion by absorbing the impact of rain drops as the fall on base soils. The also prevent wind from carrying away soil particles. Adding mulch on top of the soil also reduces the impact of rain drops and wind. On steep slopes, run off is typically at higher velocities and can develop into a powerful erosive force. Diversions and terraces can be used alongside surface cover to control sheet erosion.