To increase the amount of platelets in blood, eat a healthy diet consisting of whole grains, beans and leafy vegetables, such as kale, according to the Platelet Disorder Support Association. Eating fruits and restricting high-calorie foods can also help.
Avoiding quinine-containing foods and alcoholic beverages can increase platelet count. Eating very sweet foods can upset the body's natural balance and may cause inflammation, states the Platelet Disorder Support Association. Eliminating diet soda, sugar-free candies and cakes, white rice and white flour from the diet can contribute positively to platelet count. Following a gluten-free diet, which means avoiding wheat, barley and rye, offers positive effects for people with celiac disease and leaky gut syndrome, both of which are linked to a low blood platelet count.
A blood platelet count below 150,000 may indicate a condition called thrombocytopenia. Other medical conditions, including pregnancy and some autoimmune diseases, can cause thrombocytopenia. Some medicines, such as heparin, may cause an immune reaction resulting in the destruction of healthy platelets, states the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Aspirin and ibuprofen can negatively affect the production of platelets. Being careful with over-the-counter medications and eliminating use of alcohol, which can slow the bone marrow's production of platelets, can help remedy thrombocytopenia, according to Mayo Clinic. However, thrombocyopenia can be passed down from parent to child or acquired.