Acid rain can be prevented by saving energy, using less transportation, and switching to alternative energy sources. Reducing fossil fuel consumption stops acid rain before it begins.
Lowering energy consumption on a daily basis is the best way to prevent the formation of acid rain. For instance, homeowners can turn off appliances and electronics when they are not in use. Buying energy-efficient appliances is also helpful. Use air conditioning and heating units only when necessary, and turn down the heat to conserve more energy.
Using alternative energy sources in the form of solar or wind decreases the amount of fossil fuels that are burned into the atmosphere. For instance, solar-based heating systems are available, including energy-efficient vehicles. Reducing car traffic can be accomplished by taking public transportation, walking or riding a bicycle. Cars are a major contributor to acid rain because they emit nitric oxide into the air.
Fluidized bed combustion is an industrial method that can reduce the amount of sulfur emitted into the atmosphere. Certain reform measures can solve the problem of acid rain, such as trading emissions. This measure is meant to limit the amount of pollution and encourage manufacturers to produce energy more efficiently. International treaties and agreements can limit the amount of harmful pollutants around the world.