The American hazelnut tree is a shrub that is native to the eastern United States. According to ArborDay.org, the American hazelnut tree prefers soil that is acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy and well-drained.
The American hazelnut tree is also known as the American Filbert. The American hazelnut can grow, on average, to a size of 15 to 18 feet with a spread of 10 to 12 feet. It has a medium growth rate in which it can grow anywhere from 13 inches to over 24 inches per year. ArborDay.org states that the American hazelnut should be planted in groups to promote cross-pollination.