Acid rain can be reduced through the use of alternative sources of energy, decreasing energy consumption and using alternative forms of transport. Acid rain results from the deposition of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere, which occurs when fossil fuels are burned.
Transportation contributes most to acid rain pollution because automobiles depend on fossil fuels. Therefore, opting to use public transport, riding bicycles and walking, when possible, reduces fossil fuel emissions and acid rain. Alternative energy sources available for the transport industry include fuel cells, batteries and natural gas. Renewable energy technologies, such as solar, water and wind energy systems also reduce acid rain. Environmental benefits and costs should be considered in the choice of alternative energy sources. Geothermal, solar and wind energy systems have not become economically feasible in the United States, but hydropower and nuclear energy are being harnessed sufficiently, according to United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Personal initiatives, such as turning off television, computers and lighting, when they’re not in use, also contribute to the reduction of acid rain. Acid rain should be reduced because it changes the chemistry of water bodies and soil, posing risks to the survival of animals and plants, notes United States Environmental Protection Agency. Adding lime to acid lakes can be used to restore the damage of acid rain to the environment, but it is an expensive and short-term remedy.