A calcified granuloma is an area of inflammation in tissue that has calcified over time until it has the same density as bone. The most common cause for a granuloma in the lungs is a fungal infection called histoplasmosis.Continue Reading
Calcified granulomas in the lung are not typically dangerous; they usually do not even cause signs or symptoms. Most granulomas in the lung are found accidentally during routine chest X-rays. Once a granuloma is found, additional imaging by X-ray or computerized tomography is needed to ensure that the spot on the X-ray is a granuloma and not a tumor, which look similar on scans. A granuloma in the lung does not specifically require treatment; however, if the granuloma was caused by a histoplasmosis infection, the infection is treated unless it has already cleared.
Histoplasmosis is an infection caused by inhaling airborne mold spores that originate in bird and bat droppings. Many of these infections occur in the upper Midwest and Ohio river valleys. Most people who acquire this infection never even know that they are sick as it does not cause symptoms, and a healthy immune system can quickly eliminate the fungus. A histoplasmosis infection can become very serious and require hospitalization in young children and adults with compromised immune systems.Learn more about Human Anatomy
There can be several causes of a short cervix, including an overdistended uterus, weak cervical tissue, infection, abnormal uterine activity or inflammation. A short cervix during pregnancy can increase the risk of premature birth, according to the Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
The medical term that describes the area underneath the skin is "subcutaneous tissue." This area is also called the hypoderm, the subcutis, the hypodermis and the superficial fascia. Subcutaneous tissue is sometimes considered the lowest layer of the integumentary system, which lies above deeper tissues such as muscles and nerves.Full Answer >
According to MedlinePlus, a swollen lymph node in the pelvic area, also referred to as the groin, can indicate urethritis, a urinary tract infection that causes inflammation and swelling of the urethra. Urethritis is caused by bacteria or viruses, and symptoms include blood in the urine, pelvic pain, swollen lymph nodes in the groin area and discharge.Full Answer >
Interstitial lung disease is a disease that causes inflammation to the deep tissue within the lungs, eventually resulting in damage, as noted by the National Institutes of Health's Medline Plus. Interstitial lung disease can develop for unknown reasons, but may also be caused by radiation treatment to the chest, autoimmune disease and exposure to hazardous materials, such as silica dust, asbestos, cotton dust and coal dust.Full Answer >