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What is butyl iodide?

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Butyl iodide is an organic chemical compound with the formula C4H9I. It is derived from the alkane gas butane and is commonly used as an industrial alkylating agent.

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Butyl iodide is a colorless liquid with a molar mass of 184.02 grams per mole and a refractive index of 1.50. It is relatively dense at 1.62 grams per milliliter. Butyl iodide melts at minus 154.30 degrees Fahrenheit and boils at 260 to 271 degrees Fahrenheit. Its flash point is 91 degrees Fahrenheit, and it is designated as both flammable and toxic within the GHS hazard system. Structurally, it is similar to alkane substances propane, n-propyl iodide, isopropyl iodide and pentane, as well as the compound diiodohydroxypropane.

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