The brain is protected by one of two main parts of the skull called the neurocranium, which actually consists of eight different bones. The neurocranium includes the frontal bone, two parietal bones, two temporal bones, occipital, sphenoid and ethmoid bones.
The occipital bone serves two purposes in protecting the back of the brain and supporting the head's weight. Temporal and parietal bones also support parts of the face. The sphenoid is behind the eyes and forms part of the eye socket. Nearby is the ethmoid, which also supports the nose. The frontal bone protects the front and top of the brain, and it is located in the area known as the forehead.