The Bohr model for potassium contains 5 concentric circles with the element's number of protons and neutrons written in the center. Each circle after that represents an energy level, with dots indicating electrons. There are two electrons in the first energy level, eight electrons in the second and third, and one in the fourth.Continue Reading
Potassium is an alkali metal with the chemical symbol K. It has an atomic number of 19, meaning that it has 19 positively charged protons. It also contains 19 electrons, which have a negative charge, and 20 neutrons, which do not hold a charge. Its atomic mass is 39.0983 atomic mass units, and it has a cubic crystal structure.
The Bohr model of atoms was created by scientist Neils Bohr in 1913. Bohr based his model on the earlier Rutherford model, making improvements and fixing incorrect assumptions. The Bohr model explains how an atom of an element can have stable electrons around its nucleus. Bohr discovered that electrons move in orbits with fixed sizes and energies, and he found that electrons can jump from one orbit to another by absorbing or emitting energy. The Bohr model shows the energy levels of each element and the electrons they contain.Learn more about Acids & Bases
The Bohr model for nitrogen has a central nucleus with seven neutrons and seven protons, a first energy ring with two electrons and a second energy ring with five electrons. A more detailed version shows two electrons in the s sub-shell of the second energy ring and three electrons in the p sub-shell. The Bohr model is used to demonstrate how the electrons line up around the nucleus of an atom.Full Answer >
The Bohr model of carbon has a central nucleus containing six protons and six neutrons, encircled by an inner orbit of two electrons and an outer orbit of four electrons. The two orbits represent different energy levels and are at a set distance from one another and from the nucleus.Full Answer >
To calculate the mass number of a specific element, find the number of protons and the number of neutrons that element has. Then, add them together. A periodic table of elements is needed to complete this task.Full Answer >
To find the mass number of an element or isotope, add the neutrons and protons in one atom. Hydrogen is just one element with multiple isotopes occurring naturally, appearing in atomic form with just one proton (mass number 1), and two isotopes, one with one neutron and another with two.Full Answer >