Q:

What does the bladder do?

A:

Quick Answer

According to WebMD, the bladder is a hollow, muscular sac that stores urine. About the size and shape of a pear, the bladder receives urine from the ureters and expels it through the urethra. While the kidneys filter blood constantly, and therefore produce urine on a continual basis, the urinary bladder stores the urine so that urination can take place periodically instead of being a constant activity.

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Full Answer

WebMD explains that during urination, the muscles in the bladder contract. Simultaneously, two sphincters in the bladder open and allow the urine to escape through the urethra. The bladder is an elastic organ, which allows it to stretch so that it can accommodate more urine. The average bladder can hold approximately one-half liter of urine. Despite being able to hold considerably more urine, the bladder signals the brain to urinate when the bladder is approximately one-quarter full, according to Healthline.

The urethra travels from the bladder to the urethral orifice in both men and women; however, as explained by WebMD, the male urethra is much longer than the female urethra. Male urethras are about 8 inches long, while those of females are only about 1.5 inches long. While the male urethra must travel to the tip of a man’s penis, the urethral opening of women is located between the clitoris and the vagina.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is a trabeculated bladder?

    A:

    A trabeculated bladder is the result of repeated obstructions in the urethra, which cause reduced tone in the muscular wall of the bladder, according to the Free Dictionary. The reduced muscular tone makes the bladder difficult to empty and may lead to infection in the urinary tract.

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  • Q:

    How big is your bladder?

    A:

    According to WebMD, the bladder is about the shape and size of a pear when it is empty. The bladder is a muscular sac that is located in the pelvis, just behind the pubic bone.

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  • Q:

    How long does it take to fill your bladder?

    A:

    It takes approximately one hour to fill your bladder after drinking 36 ounces of fluid, according to Union Hospital in Maryland. Pelvic and fetal ultrasounds require a full bladder for the procedures, and you can empty your bladder after ultrasound images are obtained.

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  • Q:

    Is the bladder supposed to empty completely?

    A:

    If the bladder is functioning correctly, it should empty completely, according to MedicineNet. Urinary retention is the term associated with having trouble emptying the bladder completely, or having trouble starting to urinate.

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