According to ScienceDaily, biodiversity is the variety of species and genes of animals, microorganisms and plants found on Earth, including their connections and natural processes. Biodiversity is important because it provides biological resources, such as food and medicine, and ecosystem services, such as protection of water, soil, climate and nutrients. Biodiversity also absorbs pollution, promotes tourism, supports education and research and maintains the ecosystem.Continue Reading
Genetic biodiversity is the differences of DNA among animals and plants. Ecosystem biodiversity is the existence of a variety of environments, such as deserts, mountains, forests, lakes, wetlands, agricultural landscapes and rivers. Species biodiversity is found within biodiversity hot spots that support the world's mammal, amphibian, bird, reptile and plant species.
The benefits of biodiversity are associated with its economic values and role in sustainable development, such as keeping the environment in a state of natural balance. The revenue generated from fisheries, forestry and farming demonstrates the economic importance of biodiversity. According to Global Issues, goods provided by biodiversity include fuel, building material and water. Biodiversity also provides services such as shelter, waste decomposition, moderation of temperatures and floods, nutrient cycling, pollination of crops, control of diseases and pests, purification of air and maintenance of genetic varieties. Additionally, biodiversity provides aesthetic and cultural benefits to society. Climate change threatens biodiversity by causing an imbalance in the environment.Learn more about Biology
A large variety of animals live in estuaries, including different species of fish and birds. Estuaries are defined as the mouth of the river where the river's tide meets a stream.Full Answer >
In biology, the variety of plants, animals and fungi that first colonize a barren habitat is known as a pioneer community. These organisms are the first in the order of biological succession for that habitat and are followed first by seral communities and then by climax communities. Generally, some drastic change to the habitat occurs, destroying the previous biological community, before the pioneer community organisms enter.Full Answer >
Omnivores eat a variety of material such as algae, fungi, animals and plants, and they are an important part of the food web. Humans, most birds, many mammals, fish and some reptiles are omnivorous. Some individual examples of omnivorous animals and insects are bears, ants, robins, skunks, box turtles and red foxes.Full Answer >
Genetic diversity accounts for the difference in genes among individuals and species. Genetic diversity, or genetic variation, gives living organisms unique traits that distinguish them from even their closest relatives. Genetic variation explains differences in human facial features, breeds of dogs and cats, height and size of plants and many more alterations.Full Answer >