What Are Some Biochemistry Basics?

Some basics of biochemistry include carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and the reactions of these biochemical compounds in living organisms. This science helps to explain the processes of life, such as how chemical energy powers a body.

One biochemistry basic involves nucleic acids, which are made up of nucleotides, bases and pentose sugars that form DNA and RNA. Nucleic acids are critical to life because they enable the transfer of genetic information between cells. When a cell undergoes mitosis or meiosis, which is cell division, its DNA replicates itself and stores the copy in the new cell. This DNA provides all the information needed to keep an organism functioning.

Also among the basic components of biochemistry are proteins, which are made up of amino acids and peptide bonds. Proteins make up much of the tissue in organisms. For instance, proteins are the basic units of muscle tissue. DNA and RNA are essential to the production of proteins.

Carbohydrates provide an organism with energy, storage and structure. Carbohydrates, which include sugars and starches, are the most ample of all the biochemicals. Carbohydrates drive the process of ATP, which powers cells.

Lipids include fats and oils and are essential to life. They help organisms to digest and absorb food and nutrients. They also act as energy stores and insulation.