In an effort to stop the poaching of rhino horns and elephant tusks, most of these animals are moved to nature reserves where they can be better protected, monitored and cared for. Poaching has also been made illegal in African countries.
To further deter poaching, the horns and tusks of some rhinos and elephants are being surgically removed. In some cases, rhinos are permanently guarded by armed watchmen so that they are not harmed for their horns.
African countries have banned ivory trade, so it is illegal to sell or buy rhino horns and elephant tusks. Although this is a good strategy to stop poaching, there are still some countries where ivory trade is legal, which results in poachers simply taking their merchandise overseas.
In 2008, China was given permission to import a consignment of 60 tons of ivory from Africa. Even though this upper limit has been reached, as of 2015, Chinese ivory syndicates continue to operate and import ivory into the country.
Some African countries have taken it upon themselves to find work for their citizens in order to discourage the sale of ivory. This has resulted in a slight decline in poaching.
Organizations such as the World Wildlife Foundation and the International Fund for Animal Welfare have taken it upon themselves to provide anti-poaching training to people, as well as support for wildlife rangers, scouts and other anti-poaching patrols.