Artificial pollination is the process of applying pollen to plants that would normally be applied by the insects that pollinate plants. Artificial pollination can be accomplished with the use of a brush to apply the pollen. This is a technique similar to the one biologist Mendel used while studying genetics and inheritance. There are several benefits to artificial pollination, including gaining greater control over the genetic population of the crops.
When considering artificial pollination, the viability of the flowers must be considered. The duration of viability determines how often the pollen is applied. Other factors to consider are the number of pollen grains and the number of insects required to pollinate the plant in nature.
When insects are not pollinating a plant sufficiently, a grower can introduce more insects to the crop or opt for artificial pollination. Artificial pollination increases fruit size and results in a high conversion of flowers to export fruit. It also reduces costs. A fruit with a higher seed number is better able to compete for resources such as carbohydrates and vine resources. It can also accumulate more dry matter than a fruit with lower seed numbers. Financial gains of several thousands of dollars from better pollination has been verified through research.