What Is an Arctic Omnivore?

Examples of Arctic omnivores are grizzly and polar bears, foxes, and ground squirrels. An Arctic omnivore is an animal that lives in the Arctic and eats a mixed vegetarian and carnivorous diet.

Polar bears prefer to hunt seals on solid ice, where they sit and wait for their prey at holes in the ice for the seals to come up to breathe. When the ice melts, polar bears go to land to forage for their meals. While bears prefer to eat meat, such as caribou, snow goose and their eggs, the polar bear will eat berries and even marsh algae. While one seal can provide up to 75,000 calories to a bear, one nest of eggs only provides 800 to 900 calories. Bears receive a lot of minerals from foraging on vegetation and can even gain some weight from the low-energy, low-calorie meal.

The Arctic fox is also an omnivore. When food is scarce, the fox will forge for berries and seaweed. If hungry, it will even eat insects and larvae. Arctic foxes are also scavengers notorious for following bears around to eat leftover scraps. Their scavenging nature helps keep the tundra clean where decomposition is often slow due to the blistering cold. They are also responsible for keeping the rodent population in the tundra at bay.