On average it takes about 30 minutes for blood alcohol level to peak after consumption of one drink on an empty stomach, explains the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, a council of the National Institutes of Health. Blood alcohol levels approach zero about 2 hours after consumption of that drink. An average 150-pound individual eliminates about 0.5 ounces of ethanol from the body per hour.Continue Reading
However, many factors alter the time course of alcohol metabolism in the body, states NIAAA. Consuming alcohol with food, particularly fatty food, delays absorption of the alcohol into the bloodstream. Therefore, drinking during or after eating prolongs the time between alcohol consumption and total elimination from the body.
The NIAAA also explains that women appear to absorb a greater proportion of consumed alcohol than men do; therefore, after consuming one drink, a woman has absorbed more alcohol than a man. This means a woman takes slightly longer than a man to eliminate each drink from her body.
There are also differences between individuals in the rate of alcohol metabolism, most likely related to genetic factors. The amount of alcohol consumed at one time does not affect the speed at which the alcohol is metabolized, according to NIAAA.Learn more about Human Anatomy
The latest research on Guillain-Barre syndrome, a condition where the peripheral nervous system is attacked by the body's own immune system, involves refining treatments that already exist, seeking out new treatments and investigating the immune system to find the cells that begin the attack, according to the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. This research is being done collaboratively by scientists from several disciplines, including immunologists, pharmacologists, neurological scientists and virologists.Full Answer >
ScvO2, or "central venous oxygen saturation," is a measurement of the relationship between oxygen demand and oxygen consumption in the body. If ScvO2 values are low, then the oxygen delivered is insufficient for the body's metabolic demand, and a high ScvO2 value shows high oxygen delivered for the body's demand. Normal ScvO2 values are equal to about 70 percent.Full Answer >
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences states that lipids store energy, insulate the body, and protect vital organs. Lipids also act as messengers and begin chemical reactions that control growth, immune function, reproduction and basic metabolism. They also help store certain nutrients, such as fat soluble vitamins A, D, E and K.Full Answer >
Food that is not properly digested in the stomach is eventually pushed through the rest of the gastrointestinal tract and exits the body via the rectum as stool. The body treats undigested food like any other substance the stomach fails to break down.Full Answer >