Other words for sandstorm include dust storm, sand spout and sand column. A sandstorm is defined as a windstorm or a strong wind, typically in a desert, that blows large clouds of sand or dust.
Because of their vast desert terrains and frequent strong winds, places like Pakistan, Iran, India and the Sahara experience a lot of sandstorms. They are often considered dangerous meteorological occurrences, with sand in winds reaching 10 to 49 feet off the ground.
Prolonged, unprotected exposure to sandstorms is harmful to a person's health. When the dust particles from a sandstorm are breathed in consistently, serious damage in the form of silicosis and lung cancer can potentially develop.