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What is another name for anaerobic respiration?

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Quick Answer

Anaerobiosis is another name for anaerobic respiration, a type of cellular respiration that does not use oxygen. Cellular respiration is a way for cells to obtain energy by converting nutrients into adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. Anaerobiosis takes place in the cytoplasm in the forms of glycolysis and fermentation.

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Full Answer

Glycolysis allows for both aerobic and anaerobic respiration through the breakdown of glucose. Fermentation enables anaerobic respiration by donating electrons and hydrogen ions produced through glycolysis to other molecules. Fermentation is also used by muscle cells to make lactic acid, which the body needs for energy during periods of low oxygen levels.

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  • Q:

    What happens during anaerobic respiration?

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    Anaerobic respiration refers to the enzymatic breakdown of sugar for energy in the absence of oxygen. Most cells in the human body can perform anaerobic respiration, at least for short periods of time. One molecule of glucose metabolized anaerobically to pyruvate yields two molecules of adenosine triphosphate (ATP); this is a low yield compared to aerobic respiration, in which 36 ATP molecules are generated for each glucose molecule metabolized.

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  • Q:

    What can disrupt cellular respiration?

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    Disruptions to cellular respiration can occur from metabolic poisons, from anoxia and by exposing anaerobic organisms to oxygen. Cellular respiration is the process by which plant and animal cells break down organic molecules to obtain energy and form adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. ATP is a co-enzyme responsible for the intracellular transport of chemical energy required by cells for various metabolic processes. ATP is essential to all living organisms. Respiration and ATP production occur in organelles known as mitochondria.

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  • Q:

    How Is Breathing Related to Cellular Respiration?

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    Cellular respiration is directly related to breathing, as breathing provides the necessary oxygen molecules for the process of cellular respiration to take place; cellular respiration is a process by which cells acquire energy. The oxygen provided by breathing is used as a final hydrogen acceptor for the process, explains Antranik.org.

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  • Q:

    What is the final electron acceptor in aerobic respiration?

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    The final electron acceptor in aerobic respiration is oxygen, according to McGraw Hill Education. A molecule other than oxygen is the final electron acceptor in anaerobic respiration, pyruvate. Both of these processes occur during cell metabolism.

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