What Animals Are Native to Turkey?

Animals that are native to Turkey include the brown bear, wolf, Caucasian lynx, caracal and striped hyena. Leopards are also thought to reside in Turkey, as well as about 400 species of birds.

One of the most important locations in Turkey for wildlife is the Kars region. It is in northeastern Turkey and covers the area that borders Armenia, Georgia and Iran. It has forests, meadows and fields as well as wetlands, rivers and mountains. It is also an area surrounded by four different seas – the Black Sea, the Marmara Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. This means the country, particularly the Kar region, has a rich biodiversity making it ideal for many species of animals, plants and birds.

Several animals that are found in Turkey are believed to be nearing extinction. This includes several bird species plus the Asia minor spiny mouse and the Mediterranean monk seal.

Some animals found in Turkey include:

  • Brown bear
  • Wolf, particularly the gray wolf
  • Caucasian lynx
  • Caracal
  • Striped hyena
  • Deer
  • Indian porcupine
  • European ground squirrel
  • Edible dormouse
  • Striped field mouse
  • Long eared hedgehog
  • Lesser white toothed shrew
  • Eurasian water shrew
  • Eurasian pygmy shrew
  • Several species of bat, including the serotine bat, great noctule bat and brown long eared bat
  • Whales and dolphins, including Risso’s dolphin
  • European polecat
  • European otter
  • Moose
  • Boar
  • Gazelle
  • Wild goat