What Animals Live in Swamps?

Animals that live in swamps include alligators, amphibians, shellfish, bears and panthers. The specific animals present depend on whether the swamp is a freshwater swamp or a saltwater swamp.

Many different species of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish live and thrive in swamp ecosystems. Saltwater swamps are rich in shellfish, crabs and conchs. These swamp areas are important because many fish and amphibians spawn or lay their eggs here. Once the eggs hatch, the young crawl into the water.

The Everglades National Park, which is a freshwater mangrove swamp, harbors a multitude of birds, 24 species of reptiles, the Florida black bear, the Everglades mink and the Florida panther. Mangrove swamps, which are characterized by thick stands of mangrove trees, provide shelter, nesting sites and protection for dozens of species. For instance, bald eagles, ospreys, hawks, peregrine falcons and kingfishers forage for food in mangroves. The tricolored heron, snowy egret and little blue heron nest in mangrove branches.

Other species make their homes in the swamp waters around the mangrove trees. Both the American crocodile and the American alligator coexist in the Everglades mangrove swamp. The loggerhead and green sea turtle spend part of their lives in the area. Many endangered or threatened species are native to swamps including the marsh snake and the Florida panther.