Primary consumers in the African savanna, or grassland, include zebras, elephants, warthogs and impalas. Primary consumers are herbivores that eat plants. Secondary consumers, or carnivores that eat meat, include leopards, lions, cheetahs and hyenas. Consumers are animals that eat living matter to get nutrition, which differs from scavengers that eat dead meat.
Zebras eat grasses on the plains and savannas of Africa. They also eat shrubs, twigs, leaves and bark. There are approximately 750,000 individual zebras alive as of July 2014. These creatures range from southern Sudan to northern Zimbabwe in eastern Africa. Zebras sleep standing up in large groups to more easily run away from predators.
Elephants consume roots, grasses, fruit and bark. These large creatures eat up to 300 pounds of food in one day to maintain their massive bodies. Elephants do not sleep for long periods, and they roam to find viable sources of food and water. African elephants are the world's largest land animals.
Lions chase down antelopes, zebras, wildebeests and other large herbivores of the open grassland savannas of Africa. Female lions work together to corner their prey because as a group, they are often faster than a single lion. After a kill, the strongest lions get to eat first, and lion cubs eat last.