How Does Anemia Affect the Circulatory System?

Anemia that results in nutritional deficiency can affect the circulatory system and cause breathlessness, dizziness, tiredness, fainting and palpitations. According to the National Institute of Health, certain types of anemia, such as Sickle Cell Anemia, restrict blood flow and circulation throughout the body. Individuals can periodically experience swelling and extreme pain in the joints and organs, and the pain can last for prolonged periods, resulting in permanent damage to organs.

The National Institute of Health advises those with anemia to keep warm and drink plenty of fluids to help improve blood circulation. Anemia caused by nutritional deficits can be improved with a proper diet and nutritional supplementation. Health Vitamin Choice suggests that those with anemia take iron, vitamin B12 supplements and folic acid supplements. Nutritional recommendations from Health Vitamin Choice include taking an iron supplement of 200mg per day and a vitamin C dose of 100mg at mealtime. The vitamin C and certain meat proteins assist in the absorption of the iron. Yogurt, which contains good bacteria, also encourages the absorption of nutrients such as iron. Vitamin B12 and folic acid can be taken in a multivitamin and mineral supplement.

Health Vitamin Choice warns that individuals with anemia should avoid excessive caffeine and alcohol consumption, because it can inhibit the absorption of vital nutrients. Anemia can also become worse during periods with heavy bleeding.