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How are anatomy and physiology related?

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According to a Carnegie Mellon University course description, anatomical knowledge is useful in supporting explanations of physiological phenomena. Anatomy and physiology together provide a complete picture of the body's capabilities. Dictionary.com states that physiology is the branch of biological study that addresses the organic activities, functions and processes in a living organism and its parts, while anatomy is the science that concerns the structure of animals and plants.

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The Carnegie Mellon University course description explains that the combined study of anatomy and physiology covers themes such as the body's maintenance of stability in its internal environment and the relationship between the body's structure and its functions. The study of anatomy and physiology also addresses the levels of organization in the body and the integrated function of systems in the body.

According to the Human Anatomy and Physiology textbook from OpenStax College, a combined study of human anatomy and physiology is foundational for allied health and life sciences students. The textbook addresses the major themes of the disciplines and relevant topics such as the effects of bodily imbalances, disorders and diseases of body systems and the effects of aging. Physiology and anatomy have important implications for particular topics relevant to everyday health concerns, such as anabolic steroid use and the health effects of second-hand tobacco smoke.

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