What Are Some Anatomical Facts About the Brain?

There are three parts of the brain, including the cerebrum, cerebellum and brain stem. The cerebrum is divided into two sections, known as the right and left hemispheres. It is the largest part of the brain and consists of four lobes. These lobes include the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe and temporal lobe. The brain has a limbic system, which controls emotion, A ventricular system that cushions the brain, and a pituitary gland, which releases hormones throughout the body.

The cerebrum is responsible for managing emotions, body temperature, eyesight, sound and coordination. The cerebellum manages balance, posture, motor skills and aids in repetitive and fast movements. The brain stem is connected between the brain and spinal cord. It transfers signals between the body and the cerebral cortex.

The frontal lobe controls personality, intelligence, the motor strip, self-acknowledgement and talking. The parietal lobe is involved in spatial perception and interpreting signals related to the senses. The occipital lobe is primarily responsible for deciphering visual aspects of the brain, such as light, color and movement. The temporal lobe aids in organization, memory and language comprehension, and the pituitary gland secretes hormones involved in sexual advancement and growth. It also ensures the other glands in the body work correctly.