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How do amoebas reproduce?

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Amoebas are capable of reproducing both sexually and asexually. They are most often observed undergoing the process of binary fission, in which one amoeba splits into two equal copies of itself; however, amoebas also engage in sexual reproduction.

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Asexual reproduction is immediately advantageous because it is quick as an amoeba can essentially make a copy of itself at will; however, this form of reproduction ultimately leads to extinction. Mistakes accumulate in the genome over time; if every individual in the population is an exact copy of the others, eventually they all become contaminated with fatal mutations. Sexual reproduction creates genetic diversity, reducing the possibility of harmful mutations in every individual. Amoebas are able to reproduce in both ways, depending on environmental variables.

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