Aluminum was discovered in 1825 by Hans Christian Oersted, in Denmark. Oersted was able to isolate the element by heating two chemical compounds, causing the other elements to boil away, resulting in pure aluminum.
The name aluminum is derived from the Latin word 'alumen' which means alum. The chemical symbol for aluminum is Al. The element has an atomic number of 13. Aluminum is described as a soft, silvery metal. It is the third most abundantly found element in the Earth's crust. Other characteristics include being nonmagnetic and nonflammable. The metal is a good candidate for conducting electricity and thermal energy.