Best known for his theory of relativity, Albert Einstein also discovered the photoelectric effect, explained Brownian movement, played the violin, supported civil rights, and helped found the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 1905, also called his “miracle year,” he wrote four scientific papers that changed modern physics while employed as a patent clerk in Bern, Switzerland.
A popular subject for biographers, facts and myths about Einstein abound. According to the Huffington Post, popular legend claims he failed math, but he simply failed an entrance exam. He did not speak until age three, leading his parents to worry about his development.
Einstein had an illegitimate daughter in 1902 but her records disappeared, and no one knows what happened to her. Einstein was married twice. He had two children with his first wife, Mileva, but they divorced. He married his cousin Elsa in 1919. That same year Arthur Eddington, a British astronomer, showed that Einstein’s theory of relativity was correct when he measured light bending around the eclipsed sun.
According to the Albert Einstein Site, Einstein fled Nazi Germany in 1933 and joined Princeton’s Institute for Advanced studies. Einstein joined the NAACP in Princeton shortly after he arrived in America. At the urging of other refugee physicist, he wrote a letter to President Roosevelt in 1939 that led to the development of the atomic bomb. After the war Einstein was asked to be president of Israel in 1952, but had to decline. He declined surgery for a burst blood vessel, and he died the next day in 1955.