Arkive describes the African savannah as a vast grassland ecosystem with consistently warm temperatures, making it an ideal habitat for a wide variety of animals. African food chains vary slightly depending on location, but Arkive explains that each one consists of herbivores, carnivores, scavengers, decomposers and producers.Continue Reading
ExploringNature.org explains that the vulture and hyena are prime examples of scavengers, and producers on the African savannah include trees, grass and shrubs. Mushrooms, tiny organisms and insects such as dung beetles are Africa's decomposers.
According to Wikipedia, apex predators are at the top of any food chain. An apex predator is a predator that does not fall prey to others once it reaches adulthood. Scavengers such as vultures are not considered apex predators because they don't depend on catching live prey. Wikipedia states that the major apex predators in the African savannah include the black-backed jackal, African wild dog, African lion, cheetah, chimpanzee, honey badger, mandrill, leopard and Nile crocodile. Predators are called secondary consumers in food chains.
TheSafariGuide.net lists herbivorous animals in the African food chain, including the zebra, many different antelope species, wildebeest, giraffe and warthog. Wikipedia states the elephant, rhinoceros and hippopotamus are the three largest African herbivores and have nothing to fear from predators other than humans. Herbivores are called primary consumers in food chains.Learn more about Zoology
The five basic needs of all animals are sunlight, water, air, food and habitat. Sunlight is the fundamental source of energy on earth. Solar energy enters the living ecosystems though the process of photosynthesis carried out by green plants and is transformed into usable chemical energy.Full Answer >
No animal eats anaconda snakes, as this predator is on top of the food chain. Anacondas are in danger of being exterminated by humans, who kill them either out of fear or for commercial purposes, for the snakes' skin.Full Answer >
If the cheetah were to go extinct, the resulting disruption in the food chain would include an uncontrolled rise in populations of prey animals such as antelope and a corresponding decrease in local vegetation. When prey animals become overpopulated, the affected herds become less healthy and experience an increase in starvation and malnutrition.Full Answer >
An animal that hunts other animals for food is called a carnivore or predator. These animals must kill other smaller animals to feed. Since carnivores must hunt to survive, they use large amounts of energy to obtain their food, and thus they require many calories to stay healthy.Full Answer >