Aerobic respiration takes place within the cell cytoplasm, in organelles known as mitochondria. Aerobic respiration is a process in which energy is produced, then released. During this process, sugars are converted into amino acids.
Aerobic respiration always requires the use of oxygen, and the basic equation for aerobic respiration is calculated as follows: glucose + oxygen --> carbon dioxide + water (+ energy). The amino acids released from this process help to regulate body temperature and aid in muscle contraction. Anaerobic respiration also occurs in cells to release energy, but it does not require the presence of oxygen. In comparing the two types, aerobic respiration always releases more energy.