One advantage of cloning includes the protection of endangered species from extinction because the members of the species can have their cells cloned to create other members. Cloning also helps in improving food supply. One disadvantage is that the diversity of genes is lost when the process is carried on regularly. A risk of extinction is highly possible in the case of disease outbreaks due to similar genetic makeups.
Another advantage to cloning is that production can be enhanced, especially in dry areas. Research has indicated that cloning could help infertile couples have their own biological children. Finally, the process helps in the improvement of cosmetic and reconstructive surgery.
Another disadvantage is that cloning devastates family life and parenting as it undermines the basic nurturing and loving of children by parents. The parents could love those who resemble them more than others. Eventually, the process can result in societal imbalance. Some species could be stronger or weaker than the environment can host.
Cloning is the process by which exact genetic replicas of organisms, tissues or cells are created. The copied material is known as the clone and has a similar genetic makeup as the original. The advantages and disadvantages are determined by the ability of the process to meet the intended mission.