Abduction takes place around the sagittal axis of the body in the frontal plane. Abduction is an anatomical term that describes the movement of an object away from the midline of the body.
Abduction opposes adduction. Adduction is the movement of an object toward the midline of the body and also occurs in the frontal plane of the body around the sagittal axis. Both abduction and adduction are anatomical terms used in the medical field to describe the movement of limbs or muscles. There are specific muscles in the body, known as abductors and adductors, that are responsible for abductive and adductive movements.