Pets & Animals

A:

The easiest way to tell the difference between male and female guinea pigs is by measuring the distance between the guinea pig's anus and its genitals. According to Pet Informed, a male guinea pig's genital area measures further from the anus than a female guinea pig's genital area.

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    • Do salamanders bite?

      Q: Do salamanders bite?

      A: In rare circumstances, salamanders are known to bite humans. These amphibians only bite if they are under a lot of stress, and they may nip at a human if they are handled in a way that causes distress.
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    • How often do salamanders eat?

      Q: How often do salamanders eat?

      A: Most pet salamanders eat once per day, although that number varies depending on certain factors. The salamander's age, size and species are factors when planning a feeding schedule. The temperature of the tank can also affect the salamander's appetite.
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    • What is the fire-bellied toad's habitat?

      Q: What is the fire-bellied toad's habitat?

      A: The fire-bellied toad's natural habitat consists of water sources found within Asian forests, swamps and meadows. They are native to northeastern China but can also be found in Japan, Thailand, Russia and Korea.
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    • What do tadpoles eat?

      Q: What do tadpoles eat?

      A: Tadpoles are aggressive eaters because of their rapid growth rate, and one of their favorite foods is algae that grows in pond water and along rocks. As they develop, tadpoles start to consume many microscopic water bugs, such as amoebae, fleas and rotifer.
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    • How does an alligator protect itself?

      Q: How does an alligator protect itself?

      A: The American alligator is a large, heavily armored reptile armed with sharp claws, a strong tail and an enormously powerful set of jaws lined with conical teeth. As apex predators, alligators have no natural enemies but can rely on these features for defense.
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    • What are characteristics of amphibians?

      Q: What are characteristics of amphibians?

      A: Amphibians are cold-blooded vertebrates. They have a backbone, and they maintain their body temperature through external means, such as laying in the sun. Amphibians spend part of their lives on water and part of their lives on land. They have permeable skin, which gases and some molecules penetrate; they also have gills for some portion of their lives.
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    • What animals eat lemurs?

      Q: What animals eat lemurs?

      A: According to the National Wildlife Federation, the animals that eat lemurs are primarily fossa, which is a relative of the mongoose that lives in Madagascar. However, recently humans have also started to eat lemurs, due mostly to poverty.
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    • How do insects reproduce?

      Q: How do insects reproduce?

      A: Depending on the species, insects may reproduce either sexually or asexually. Sexual reproduction requires one egg from a female and a sperm from a male. The sperm fertilizes the egg, which resides in the female through its term to hatch insects when the growth and development stage is complete.
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    • Which animals lay eggs?

      Q: Which animals lay eggs?

      A: Birds lay eggs, although there are other egg-laying animals, including two mammals: the duckbill platypus and the echidna. These two creatures are natives of Australia. Scientists call these primitive egg-laying mammals monotremes.
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    • What are the parts of an egg?

      Q: What are the parts of an egg?

      A: The parts of an egg include the shell, the inner and outer membranes, the air cell, the albumen, the chalazae, the vitelline membrane, the yolk and the germinal disc. The shell is hard and porous and serves as a protective layer that allows gases to be transferred in and out of the egg.
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    • What animal has the largest litter?

      Q: What animal has the largest litter?

      A: The common tenrec — a hedgehog-like creature from Madagascar — produces the largest litters among mammals. The average litter of this small animal includes approximately 18 young, but litters up to 32 have been recorded. Tiger snakes also produce very large litters; the largest ever recorded contained 126 baby snakes.
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    • What is the difference between spay and neuter?

      Q: What is the difference between spay and neuter?

      A: Spaying and neutering are both procedures used to sterilize animals like dogs and cats, but spaying refers to the procedure done to female animals while neutering is the corresponding process for males. Spaying involves taking out the uterus and ovaries while male pets are neutered by taking out the testicles.
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    • How long can birds hold their breath underwater?

      Q: How long can birds hold their breath underwater?

      A: The exact amount of time that a diving bird can spend underwater will vary by species, but typically, these birds can spend between 3 and 10 minutes under the surface of the water. In addition to being able to hold their breath, these birds may have adapted specific helpful physical features to help them stay underwater.
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    • Where do macaws live?

      Q: Where do macaws live?

      A: Macaws typically live in Central and South America in the rainforest. The largest of all parrots, macaws are listed as endangered because their numbers have been steadily declining due to the destruction of the rainforests.
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    • How do you care for an unhatched bird egg?

      Q: How do you care for an unhatched bird egg?

      A: Caring for an unhatched bird egg is a difficult and risky process, and according to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, it is illegal to take or possess any wild bird egg, aside from those of pigeons, house sparrows and European starlings. If you find an unhatched bird egg, consider contacting a local wildlife agency before attempting to care for it yourself. However, there are ways to care for an unhatched bird egg on your own if you have the time and the resources to do so.
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    • How can you tell if a pigeon is male or female?

      Q: How can you tell if a pigeon is male or female?

      A: Pigeons lack external sex organs, and like many birds, they utilize a cloaca to reproduce rather than dedicated organs such as a penis or vagina. They also do not differ in plumage depending on sex, as many other birds do. This makes determining sex difficult.
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    • Is it legal to have a pet falcon?

      Q: Is it legal to have a pet falcon?

      A: It is illegal to own a falcon in the United States without the proper state and federal licenses. To obtain these permits, an aspiring falconer must apprentice under a sponsor for at least two years and pass a written examination. Once this is complete, and an inspection has been made of the facilities where the bird will be kept, a person can legally acquire a falcon.
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    • What are racing pigeon lofts?

      Q: What are racing pigeon lofts?

      A: Racing pigeon lofts are specially designed houses that accommodate the distinctive needs of racing pigeons. Lofts are usually self-contained structures that are built to ensure that the birds receive optimal rest and protection from the elements.
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    • What do locusts eat?

      Q: What do locusts eat?

      A: Locusts eat plants and vegetation. When conditions are just right and there are plenty of green plants available for eating and reproducing, locusts gather into swarms that can devastate the area.
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    • When do fireflies come out?

      Q: When do fireflies come out?

      A: After months of hibernation, adult fireflies emerge on warm summer nights as darkness begins to fall. They are found in meadows, parks, gardens and woodlands of temperate and tropical climates throughout the United States and around the world.
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    • What does a cricket eat?

      Q: What does a cricket eat?

      A: Crickets are scavengers and omnivores that eat a variety of plants, seedlings, fruits, seeds, fungi, dried organic materials and even live and dead insects. They prefer ragweed, chicory and crabgrass.
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    • What is the strongest insect?

      Q: What is the strongest insect?

      A: The strongest insect known to man is the Onthophagus taurus, a species of horned dung beetle, which is capable of moving objects that weigh 1,141 times more than the bug itself does. As the name indicates, these beetles do move animal dung, though they are not the kind that roll the dung into a ball.
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    • What is the largest insect?

      Q: What is the largest insect?

      A: The largest-ever insects known to man are now-extinct species of prehistoric dragonflies, but there are a few different contenders for the largest currently living insect. Stick bugs, such as Southeast Asia's giant walking stick, which can grow to be about 2 feet long, may be among the longest.
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    • What does the male mosquito do?

      Q: What does the male mosquito do?

      A: Male mosquitoes live only a short time; the primary activity they engage in is mating. Unlike females, male mosquitoes do not suck blood from humans and other animals. Instead, the males feed only on plant nectars.
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