Pets & Animals

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According to the Smithsonian Institution, how long a turtle can stay underwater depends on the species, locality and temperature. During hibernation, painted turtles remain underwater through the entire winter. The Fitzroy River turtle can stay underwater almost indefinitely through an adaptation of its cloaca.

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    • Do Salamanders Bite?

      Q: Do Salamanders Bite?

      A: In rare circumstances, salamanders are known to bite humans. These amphibians only bite if they are under a lot of stress, and they may nip at a human if they are handled in a way that causes distress.
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    • What Is an Orange Newt?

      Q: What Is an Orange Newt?

      A: An orange newt may be one of several species of salamanders, including the Eastern newt, Sierra newt, rough-skinned newt or California newt. The Sierra newt can be a brownish-orange color as an adult, with a brighter underside to warn predators. The Eastern newt is an orange color during its juvenile stage only, and rough-skinned newts feature drastic color changes from the ventral and dorsal sections of the body.
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    • How Do You Tell a Male Eastern American Toad From a Female?

      Q: How Do You Tell a Male Eastern American Toad From a Female?

      A: There are a number of features that help distinguish male eastern American toads from females of the same species. The most easily identifiable features are size and skin texture.
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    • What Is a Marine Toad?

      Q: What Is a Marine Toad?

      A: Also known as the cane toad or giant toad, the marine toad is a land-dwelling toad native to Central and South America. The toad spends its time in the region's subtropical forests and has also been introduced to non-native areas as a means of pest control for crops.
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    • What Are Characteristics of Amphibians?

      Q: What Are Characteristics of Amphibians?

      A: Amphibians are cold-blooded vertebrates. They have a backbone, and they maintain their body temperature through external means, such as laying in the sun. Amphibians spend part of their lives on water and part of their lives on land. They have permeable skin, which gases and some molecules penetrate; they also have gills for some portion of their lives.
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    • What Animal Can Live Both in Water and on Land?

      Q: What Animal Can Live Both in Water and on Land?

      A: Amphibians are vertebrate animals that live both in water and on land. Frogs, toads and salamanders are examples of amphibians. Amphibians are able to respire through their skin, and the young of all species of amphibians begin life with gills in the water.
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    • How Long Do Kangaroos Live?

      Q: How Long Do Kangaroos Live?

      A: Kangaroos may live anywhere from nine to 22 years on average. The life span of a kangaroo depends on the species and whether the animal lives in the wild or in captivity.
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    • How Do Fish Make Babies?

      Q: How Do Fish Make Babies?

      A: Most fish breed by spawning, or laying eggs, according to Petalia. Some fish species give birth to live babies. Spawning fish reproduce when males fertilize the eggs after they are laid, while livebearing females are directly fertilized by the males.
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    • What Animal Has the Largest Litter?

      Q: What Animal Has the Largest Litter?

      A: The common tenrec — a hedgehog-like creature from Madagascar — produces the largest litters among mammals. The average litter of this small animal includes approximately 18 young, but litters up to 32 have been recorded. Tiger snakes also produce very large litters; the largest ever recorded contained 126 baby snakes.
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    • How Do Polar Bears Reproduce?

      Q: How Do Polar Bears Reproduce?

      A: Polar bears reproduce via internal fertilization, with one male mating with several females during the mating season, staying with each for their three-day period of fertility. Mating occurs between late winter and early spring, after which gestation lasts anywhere between 195 and 265 days due to the females' ability to delay fetal development. Litter sizes range from one to four cubs but average two cubs per litter.
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    • How Do Cockroaches Reproduce?

      Q: How Do Cockroaches Reproduce?

      A: Cockroaches reproduce by mating. When sperm from the male is introduced to the female's eggs, an egg sac called an ootheca is produced. The number of eggs the ootheca holds varies by species.
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    • How Many Tigers Are Left in the World?

      Q: How Many Tigers Are Left in the World?

      A: As few as 3,200 tigers remain in the world as of March 2014. At the beginning of the 20th century, there were 100,000 tigers worldwide. This means that the number of tigers in the wild has dropped approximately 97 percent in the past century.
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    • What Are the Differences Between Male and Female Blue Jays?

      Q: What Are the Differences Between Male and Female Blue Jays?

      A: The differences between male and female blue jays are that males generally gather nest materials and food, while the females do most of the building of the nests and incubate the eggs. The differences between male and female blue jays can be determined by observing their mating and nesting habits. The size of males and females is similar, and they share similar feather colorings.
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    • What Is the Name of a Baby Pigeon?

      Q: What Is the Name of a Baby Pigeon?

      A: Young pigeons are called squeakers or squabs. The latter term is the more common one. The young are referred to as squabs until they have fledged, which usually takes about 30 days from hatching.
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    • What Do Cockatoos Eat?

      Q: What Do Cockatoos Eat?

      A: Cockatoos eat a mixture of fresh fruit, vegetables and seeds. Diets can include corn and insects, depending on necessity and environmental availability. Seed-only diets are not healthy for cockatoos.
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    • What Do Ostriches Eat?

      Q: What Do Ostriches Eat?

      A: Ostriches eat a variety of different foods, including seeds, roots and plants. Ostriches are omnivores, so they do not limit themselves to a vegetarian diet, but may also feast on lizards and insects.
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    • How Fast Can a Roadrunner Run?

      Q: How Fast Can a Roadrunner Run?

      A: The Greater Roadrunner is a very fast runner, reaching top speeds of more than 17 miles per hour. The roadrunner uses its speed primarily to defend its large territory and chase after prey, which includes rodents, lizards and insects.
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    • What Is the Flap of Skin Under a Turkey’s Chin Called?

      Q: What Is the Flap of Skin Under a Turkey’s Chin Called?

      A: The flap of skin under a turkey's chin may be known as a dewlap or a wattle; though the wattle is more evident in male turkeys, both male and females have this anatomical feature. This flap of skin stretches from the turkey's neck to a point on the head just under the beak.
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    • How Do You Breed Crickets?

      Q: How Do You Breed Crickets?

      A: Breeding crickets is a relatively simple process that takes about 20 days to complete. Items you need include water, a spray bottle, a cricket habitat, and access to pairs of both male and female crickets.
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    • What Is the Fastest Insect?

      Q: What Is the Fastest Insect?

      A: The fastest insect known to man is a species of Australian tiger beetle known as Cicindela hudsoni, which was recorded at 5.6 miles per hour. The next fastest is another Australian tiger beetle, Cicindela eburneola, which was observed in the same study to have a top speed of 4.2 miles per hour.
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    • How Do Snails Move?

      Q: How Do Snails Move?

      A: To move, snails make a complex series of wave-like movements along their entire body, which propels them forward. Most of a snail's body actually consists of a large foot, and so the part of the body touching the floor is known as the sole.
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    • What Happens If a Tick Head Stays in the Skin?

      Q: What Happens If a Tick Head Stays in the Skin?

      A: If the head of a tick breaks off and remains under the skin, it eventually disengages itself and falls off without further action. The head cannot transmit Lyme disease on its own, as the organisms that cause the illness are in the tick's stomach.
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    • How Do You Get Cockroaches?

      Q: How Do You Get Cockroaches?

      A: Cockroaches enter homes and buildings through open spaces, as well as small cracks and holes that surround pipes and doorways. While the common belief is that cockroaches are only attracted to unclean areas, they are known to invade clean homes and dwellings as well, as they are searching for moist, warm shelter. Once inside, cockroaches are attracted to food, garbage and water sources.
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    • How Many Bugs Do You Eat While Sleeping?

      Q: How Many Bugs Do You Eat While Sleeping?

      A: There have been no conclusive studies conducted that determine how many insects are swallowed by humans. The actual probability of a person swallowing an insect while asleep is low, as most insects view humans as predators and do their best to avoid them.
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