The spotted salamander's diet consists of insects, worms, slugs, spiders and millipedes. Despite bright yellow or orange spots along its black body and a life span of up to 20 years, the species is rarely seen by humans, emerging only at night to feed.
The spotted salamander spends nearly all of its time under rocks, logs and other debris in moist, low-laying forests. The amphibian is found all throughout eastern Canada and the eastern and midwestern United States. According to National Geographic, the stout salamander reaches up to 9 inches in length and secrets a noxious, milky toxin from glands on its backs to deter predators.