The world record for the largest goliath grouper is 680 pounds. This fish was caught by Lynn Joyner at Fernandina Beach, Fla., on May 20, 1961.
The goliath grouper lives among coral and artificial reefs in shallow tropical waters of the Atlantic. As juveniles, goliath groupers inhabit estuaries and mangroves. The goliath grouper is capable of reaching 16 feet in length and weighing nearly 800 pounds. Due to their penchant for spawning in large numbers and their predictability, goliath groupers are easily caught by fisherman. They are boisterous fish, communicating to others through loud bellows generated by their swim bladders. The high demand for their meat has stressed populations.