What Is the Woodchuck's Habitat?


Quick Answer

A woodchuck's habitat is prairie, fields and lightly wooded areas such as trees edging open farmland. The woodchuck feeds in the meadows or fields and retreats to its burrow, usually located at the base of a tree or near brush. This animal is native to North America, specifically the eastern United States and east and central Canada.

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Full Answer

The woodchuck, a burrowing rodent, grows up to 27 inches long including the tail and weighs between 5 and 10 pounds. It eats primarily in the mornings or nights, feeding on grasses, plant growth and vegetables it finds in fields and farmland. During the day, it spends its time sunning in a warm area or in its burrow. Woodchuck burrows are not only sanitary and clean but also have a tunnel system that can be up to 66 feet long.

The woodchuck hibernates during cold weather from November through February, although the length depends on how far north it lives. A woodchuck in a climate with a longer winter hibernates for longer. The males wake up earlier than the females and start their search for a mate. Once woodchucks mate in April, the female produces around four pups a month later. The young mature and leave their mother within the year and die within six years at the most.

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