How Do Wild Turkeys Reproduce?

Wild turkeys reproduce by mating with one another, which usually happens during early spring. Because of their polygynous mating system, it is not uncommon for male turkeys to find more than one female turkey to breed with. Male turkeys attract potential females by making a noise called "gobbling," which can be heard up to a mile away.

Male turkeys also attempt to impress females by putting on an act called "strutting." When strutting, male turkeys stroll around with puffed up feathers, tail fanned out, throat puffed out and with their wings dragging alongside them. Female turkeys lay their eggs in bowl-shaped nests dug into the dirt that are commonly below deep grass, vines or thick brush. A female turkey will lay between four and 17 eggs each year or once per season.