A whitetail deer is a four-legged, cloven-hoofed mammal. The average whitetail deer has a long body that's between 5 and 6.5 feet long with a tail that's from 4 to 11 inches long. They stand between 2.6 and 3.2 feet high at the shoulder.
The coat of the whitetail deer is usually a reddish tan, and it is more gray in winter and more red during the warmer months. Its fur is white on its belly, around its eyes and right behind its nose. There is a bib of white on the throat and some white on the chin. The upper parts of the inner legs are also white. Famously, the underside of its tail is white, which is why the animal has its name. When alarmed, the deer flashes its tail in warning.
Whitetail deer also have scent and metatarsal glands on the feet and the legs. Only the males have antlers, and these are shed in winter and start to grow again in spring. During that time, a blood-rich coating known as velvet covers them, and the deer shed this velvet in late summer. Males are also larger than females.
Whitetail deer fawns are born in the spring. They are spotted and weigh between 3.3 and 5.5 pounds at birth.