One way to begin to raise pheasants is to consider their housing requirements. Pheasants need a secure pen covered with netting that can protect them from predators. New hobbyists can purchase pre-constructed coops or a modified chicken coop. The coop should be located on well-drained soil.
Pheasants require an ample amount of space to thrive. The coop should be large and well-ventilated with proper air flow to prevent the accumulation of musty air that encourages disease. Place corn stalks and brush inside the pen to give the birds a hiding place and conceal them from predators.
Proper nutrition that consists of excellent feed is also essential when raising pheasants. It ensures that the birds have good egg production, increases hatchability in the eggs and is necessary for the healthy growth of pheasant chicks. Without proper feed, pheasants grow slowly, do not gain optimal weight and are not as robust in appearance or the ability to breed.
Baby pheasants require special care. They need to be placed in a brooder after hatching and fed a high-protein chick starter feed. They can be given a bit of fresh greens to peck, such as Romaine lettuce leaves, and water in specially designed containers. When the chicks are six weeks old, they no longer require a brooder and can be transitioned to the pheasant coop.
Pheasants breed between the months of February and May. The female requires a special nesting box to make her feel secure and allow her to sit and brood the eggs until they hatch. Don’t use hay in the nesting box. Instead, scatter an inch of clean dirt on the bottom, and cover it with straw. An average pheasant pair can lay up to two dozen eggs that hatch in 19 to 30 days.