Individuals use horses, particularly draft horses, on a farm to pull equipment used to prepare soil, plant seed and cultivate row crops. Horses can also provide power to cut, rake and bale hay, as well as transport feed for other livestock, move mobile poultry or calf shelters and haul firewood.
In some agri-tourism operations, horses pull wagons for hayrides during pumpkin, flower, apple or other harvest seasons. Individuals may also use them to power other types of equipment used for grape crushing or grain separation.
Horses, considerably less expensive than most tractors, may offer those who farm reasonable power and versatility with a small investment, states the National Center for Appropriate Technology. Horses also have the advantage of using fuel that individuals may produce exclusively on the farm.