What Makes up a Lion's Diet?

up-lion-s-diet Credit: Tambako The Jaguar/CC-BY-2.0

According to Out of Africa, lions eat a carnivorous diet consisting of wildebeests, zebras, buffaloes, elephants, rhinos, hippos and giraffes. Lions also eat mice, lizards, tortoises, warthogs, antelopes and crocodiles. They often eat scavenged food when they take over kills made by hyenas, cheetahs and leopards.

Lions are predatory animals that live in India and the sub-Saharan region of Africa, according to Out of Africa. Unlike most members of the cat species, lions have developed a social system based on teamwork and division of labor. The average pride consists of 15 lions, five to 10 of which are adult females. Female lions do most of the hunting. They hunt in groups to increase their success rate, allowing them to bring down very large prey that can last for several meals. Lions hunt at any hour of the day, according to Out of Africa, but they typically hunt larger prey at night. They usually fan out in a broad semicircle to surround and creep up on prey, then pounce once they reach striking distance. They generally kill with a bite to the neck or throat. Lions' attempts at hunting are successful only about half of the time, as their prey is large and difficult to catch.