African elephants thrive in a diverse range of habitats, including the African savanna, forests, swamps and deserts. Because of the many different types of food they consume, African elephants are able to adapt readily to many distinct types of habitat. In the wild, they are found in 37 African countries.
There are two distinct subtypes of African elephants, each preferring different types of habitat: savanna elephants and forest elephants. Savanna elephants are the larger of the two types, preferring open spaces, while forest elephants are smaller and adapted to life in the forests of the Congo Basin.
The majority of African elephants live in national parks, where they have more protection from illegal poaching. However, African elephants also like to migrate to take advantage of a wide variety of sources oof food across many different environments. When they migrate, they form roads that they use repeatedly, taking the same migration route year after year in search of food and water sources. An individual adult African elephant can consume 200 to 600 pounds of food and drink 50 gallons of water per day. Because of this, herds can easily wipe out all the vegetation in a small area, which necessitates herd migration.