Bengal tigers typically live for 10 to 16 years, depending on whether they are living in the wild or in captivity. Captive tigers live longer, as they are protected from many natural threats and provided a steady supply of food and medical care.
Bengal tigers are just one of several subspecies of tiger. It is not known if or how their lifespan differs from other tigers, but a lifespan of eight to 10 years in the wild is typical for the species. In captivity, most die in their teens. The longest-lived tiger ever on record was a Bengal tiger. The animal, named Guddu, lived in a zoo in India and died at the age of 26.