Some types of woodpecker include the black-backed woodpecker and the three-toed woodpecker. These two species are the most northern-dwelling types of woodpeckers, living mainly in Canadian coniferous forests and around the Rocky Mountains region in the United States.
The largest member of the woodpecker family is the pileated woodpecker, which is found primarily around the eastern United States and Canada. Red-cockaded woodpeckers are found around the south eastern part of the United States, mainly around Florida, and the hairy woodpecker is considered the most southern-travelling woodpecker out of all the species.
Another type of woodpecker is the downy woodpecker. These birds look similar to the hairy woodpeckers, but average around 2 inches shorter. They feed on primarily wood-boring insects, as well as seeds and berries and are found in open woodlands around the United States. They usually nest around April or May and typically build nests around 5 to 50 feet above the ground. In some parts of the South, females can raise two broods, consisting of around four to five eggs per nest.
Finally, the red-headed woodpecker is common around the southeastern parts of Canada and the eastern United States. They are a larger species of woodpecker, averaging upwards of 9 inches in length, and eat not only insects, but spiders, earthworms and even small mice.